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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 178922
Last updated: 21 November 2021
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Time:01:08 UTC
Type:Silhouette image of generic B738 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-86N (WL)
Owner/operator:Jet Airways
Registration: VT-JFA
MSN: 38029/4111
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 150
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: None
Category:Serious incident
Location:Trivandrum International Airport (TRV/VOTV) -   India
Phase: Landing
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Doha International Airport (DOH/OTBD)
Destination airport:Cochin International Airport (COK/VOCI)
Investigating agency: AAIB India
Jet Airways flight 9W555 was a scheduled service from Doha, Qatar to Cochin, India. The airplane, a Boeing 737-800, departed Doha at 19:52 hours UTC (Aug 17).
The flight from Doha to Cochin was uneventful, however due to presence of low clouds below decision altitude (DA) in the approach path for runway 27 at Cochin, the crew carried out a go around at 23:58 UTC.
A second approach to runway 27 at 00:17 hours UTC (Aug 18) was also aborted. Around the same time two other flights, IX474 and KU349 also failed to land.
After holding for about 33 minutes a 3rd approach was abandoned as a go-around was initiated by the captain at 00:50 UTC.
While carrying out this third go-around the minimum reserve fuel became less than what was required for Bangalore, the designated alternate destination, hence the crew re-designated the alternate destination as Trivandrum. After the third go-around diverted to Trivandrum.
The reported visibility at Trivandrum was 3000 meter. However after 9W555 came in contact with Trivandrum ATC, the reported visibility was 1500 m. Trivandrum ATC cleared 9W555 for VOR/DME approach to runway 14. The flight crew of 9W555 could not establish visual contact with the runway at Minimum Decision Altitude (MDA), carried out a go-around and declared "MAY-DAY" due to low fuel. After declaring "MAY-DAY" the captain requested ATC for permission to carry out a visual approach for runway 14. Thereafter the crew of 9W555 made two more visual approaches for runway 14 but failed to establish visual contact with the runway and carried out a go-around. The aircraft finally landed on runway 32 at 01:08 UTC after making total of seven approaches during the flight. After engine shut down fuel on board was 349 Kgs.

Probable cause of the Incident
1. The absence of a company policy pertaining to the number of approaches/missed approaches in inclement weather led to the crew of 9W-555 attempting total of 07 approaches/missed approaches at Cochin and Trivandrum. The crew also attempted 03 visual approaches at Trivandrum in below minima conditions, below circuit altitude and ignored several EGPWS cautions/warnings, thereby jeopardising the safety of the passengers and the aircraft.
2. The absence of a company policy pertaining to the re-designation of destination alternate during the flight in inclement weather led to the flight crew choosing an alternate, which was probably not the best decision given the available information and the prevailing weather conditions.

Weather at Cochin (VOCI) and Trivandrum (VOTV) airports:
METAR VOCI 172300Z 00000KT 3500 HZ FEW015 SCT080 25/22 Q1007 BECMG 3000 BR
METAR VOCI 180000Z 00000KT 3000 BR SCT006 SCT015 24/22 Q1007 TEMPO VIS 2000 BR
METAR VOCI 180030Z 00000KT 2000 BR SCT006 SCT015 24/22 Q1007 TEMPO VIS 1500 BR

METAR VOTV 180040Z 29003KT 3000 HZ FEW015 SCT090 25/23 Q1007 NOSIG
METAR VOTV 180140Z 23004KT 2000 BR FEW015 SCT090 26/23 Q1008 NOSIG


Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AAIB India
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 6 months
Download report: Final report
Safety recommendations:

Safety recommendation VT-JFA (1) issued 29 September 2016 by AAIB India to DGCA
Safety recommendation VT-JFA (2) issued 29 September 2016 by AAIB India to DGCA
Safety recommendation VT-JFA (3) issued 29 September 2016 by AAIB India to DGCA


Revision history:

23-Aug-2015 07:50 harro Added
14-Oct-2015 20:01 harro Updated [Source, Narrative]
02-Mar-2017 20:48 harro Updated [Narrative]
02-Mar-2017 21:09 harro Updated [Source]
03-Mar-2017 17:13 harro Updated [Photo, ]
03-Mar-2017 17:17 harro Updated [Time]

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