ASN logo
ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 190178
Last updated: 17 May 2021
This information is added by users of ASN. Neither ASN nor the Flight Safety Foundation are responsible for the completeness or correctness of this information. If you feel this information is incomplete or incorrect, you can submit corrected information.

Time:02:04 LT
Type:Silhouette image of generic A109 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Agusta A109S Grand
Owner/operator:North Memorial Air Care
Registration: N91NM
MSN: 22014
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Lake Winona, near Alexandria, MN -   United States of America
Phase: Approach
Departure airport:Brainerd, MN (BRD)
Destination airport:Alexandria, MN (AXN)
Investigating agency: NTSB
The pilot and two medical crewmembers were conducting a night instrument flight rules cross-country flight to pick up a patient. During the instrument approach to the destination airport, the weather conditions deteriorated. The pilot was using the helicopter's autopilot to fly the GPS approach to the airport, and the pilot and the medical crew reported normal helicopter operations. Upon reaching the GPS approach minimum descent altitude, the pilot was unable to see the airport and executed a go-around. The pilot reported that, after initiating the go-around, he attempted to counteract, with right cyclic input, an uncommanded sharp left 45 bank . Recorded flight data revealed that the helicopter climbed and made a progressive right bank that reached 50. The helicopter descended as the right bank continued, and the airspeed increased until the helicopter impacted treetops. The helicopter then impacted terrain on it's right side and came to rest near a group of trees.

Postaccident examinations of the helicopter and flight control systems did not reveal any malfunctions or anomalies that would have precluded normal operation. The helicopter was equipped with a GPS roll steering modification that featured a switch that allowed the pilot to manually select the heading reference source. In case of a malfunction or an erroneous setting, the helicopter's automatic flight control system had at least two limiters in place to prevent excessive roll commands. Further testing revealed that the GPS roll steering modification could not compromise the flight director and autopilot functionalities to the point of upsetting the helicopter attitudes or moving beyond the systems limiters.

Recorded helicopter, engine, and flight track data were analyzed and used to conduct flight simulations. The simulations revealed that the helicopter was operated within the prescribed limits; no evidence of an uncommanded 45 left bank was found. The helicopter performed a constant right climbing turn with decreasing airspeed followed by a progressive right bank with the airspeed and descent rate increasing. In order to recover, the simulations required large collective inputs and a steep right bank; such maneuvers are difficult when performed in night conditions with no visual references, although less demanding in day conditions with clear visual references. The data are indicative of a descending accelerated spiral, likely precipitated by the pilot inputting excessive right cyclic control during the missed approach go-around maneuver, which resulted in a loss of control.

Probable Cause: The pilot's excessive cyclic input during a missed approach maneuver in night instrument meteorological conditions, which resulted in a loss of control and spiraling descent into terrain.


FAA register:

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 11 months
Download report: Final report



Photo: NTSB

Graphic: NTSB

Revision history:

17-Sep-2016 18:19 gerard57 Added
17-Sep-2016 18:21 harro Updated [Date, Operator, Location]
17-Sep-2016 18:22 harro Updated [Aircraft type]
18-Sep-2016 06:55 reformFAAnow Updated [Time, Registration, Source, Narrative]
18-Sep-2016 07:13 Aerossurance Updated [Time, Aircraft type, Cn, Source, Narrative]
18-Sep-2016 16:58 Aerossurance Updated [Location, Source, Narrative]
19-Sep-2016 20:03 Aerossurance Updated [Source]
05-Oct-2016 22:48 Aerossurance Updated [Phase, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Narrative]
09-Sep-2018 17:26 ASN Update Bot Updated [Time, Operator, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Narrative, Accident report, ]
09-Sep-2018 17:57 harro Updated [Source, Narrative, Photo]
09-Sep-2018 17:57 harro Updated [Photo]
29-Sep-2018 09:08 Aerossurance Updated [Time, Source]
17-Sep-2020 06:59 Aerossurance Updated [Embed code]

Corrections or additions? ... Edit this accident description