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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 199917
Last updated: 2 June 2021
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Date:23-SEP-2017
Time:07:42
Type:Silhouette image of generic C82R model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna TR182 Skylane
Owner/operator:Private
Registration: N4777T
MSN: R18201763
Fatalities:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Category:Accident
Location:Pennington County, near Thief River Falls, MN -   United States of America
Phase: En route
Nature:Private
Departure airport:Thief River Falls, MN (TVF)
Destination airport:Rawlins, WY (RWL)
Investigating agency: NTSB
Narrative:
The noninstrument-rated private pilot and 2 passengers departed in instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) with an overcast cloud layer at 400 ft above ground level (agl). Data obtained from an onboard GPS unit showed the airplane depart toward the destination airport and climb and descend several times. About 2 minutes after takeoff, the airplane descended to 250 ft above ground level (agl), then turned and quickly climbed to 1,400 ft agl. The final GPS points showed the airplane in a descending right turn. A witness reported hearing the airplane overhead and stated that the engine was "screaming" before impact. The airplane impacted a field about 4 minutes after takeoff resulting in a debris path about 230 yards long, consistent with a relatively high forward airspeed at the time of impact.

A postaccident examination of the airframe and engine did not reveal any preimpact anomalies that would have precluded normal operation. The primary vacuum pump was not found in the wreckage; however, an examination of the standby vacuum pump revealed that the rotor was fractured by impact, but the vanes were intact. The heading indicator and turn coordinator gyros exhibited rotational scoring consistent with rotation at the time of impact. The damage to the propeller blades was consistent with the engine producing power at impact.

The autopsy report revealed no significant coronary artery disease; however, microscopic examination revealed focal areas of fine fibrosis suggestive of prior ischemic episodes. This finding was not significant enough to suggest an incapacitating event. No other significant natural disease was present that could pose a hazard to flight safety.

Review of the pilot's logbook and his statements to individuals who spoke with him before the accident suggested that he had a history of flying in and around IMC. Given the weather conditions at the time of departure and observations of the pilot checking the weather conditions before the flight, the pilot was aware that he would be required to fly in or under IMC during the flight and chose to do so despite not holding an instrument rating. Based on the reported weather conditions and GPS data, it is likely that, while maneuvering on course after takeoff, the pilot entered IMC; he likely subsequently experienced spatial disorientation, which resulted in a loss of control and descent into terrain.

Probable Cause: The noninstrument-rated pilot's decision to depart into instrument meteorological conditions, and his subsequent loss of control due to spatial disorientation.

Sources:

NTSB: https://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_id=20170923X20932&key=1

FAA register: http://registry.faa.gov/aircraftinquiry/NNum_Results.aspx?NNumbertxt=4777T

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year
Download report: Final report
Location


Images:


Photo: NTSB


Photo: NTSB


Flight track (NTSB)

Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
23-Sep-2017 18:47 gerard57 Added
23-Sep-2017 19:11 Aerossurance Updated [Time, Location]
23-Sep-2017 20:06 harro Updated [Aircraft type]
23-Sep-2017 20:45 Geno Updated [Registration, Cn, Location, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Narrative]
15-Oct-2018 17:06 ASN Update Bot Updated [Time, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Narrative, Accident report, ]
15-Oct-2018 17:24 harro Updated [Source, Narrative, Photo]
15-Oct-2018 17:25 harro Updated [Photo]
15-Oct-2018 17:26 harro Updated [Photo]

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