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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 209441
Last updated: 25 November 2020
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Date:11-APR-2018
Time:23:50 LT
Type:Silhouette image of generic B744 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 747-4D7
Owner/operator:Thai Airways International
Registration: HS-TGX
C/n / msn: 27725/1134
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 384
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: None
Category:Serious incident
Location:8km northeast of Tokyo International Airport/Haneda (HND/RJTT) -   Japan
Phase: Approach
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport (BKK/VTBS), Thailand
Destination airport:Tokyo International Airport/Haneda (HND/RJTT), Japan
Investigating agency: JTSB
Narrative:
A Boeing 747-400 of Thai Airways International, operating flight THA/TG660 from Bangkok/Suvarnabhumi, Thailand to Tokyo/Haneda, Japan, experienced "Too Low" EGPWS warning during a night time approach to runway 16L of Haneda.
The flight was cleared for a VOR A approach for runway 16L after DARKS arrival. The aircraft arrived from the east and after passing over DARKS, aircraft have to cross SAZAN at or above an altitude of 1,100 ft while descending at a bearing of 274 ° toward Haneda VOR/DME (HME), and enter a circling approach (down-wind leg of runway 16L) after
visually recognizing runway 16L and with turning to the right. Normally, pilots visually select a route in circling approach and approach landing runway. However, noise abatement procedures require aircraft to fly along or inside a specified course for landing on runway 16L.
In circling, MDA is established as a minimum altitude applied until commencing visual descending for landing. MDA in this approach procedure is 760 ft.
TG660 howefer, immediately began turning on the down-wind leg of runway 16L directly after crossing SAZAN, which was outside the specified approach procedure.
Both the PIC and the FO then visually recognized lights that appeared to be the approach guidance lights ahead in the left. The PIC commenced the base turn by turning left in an attempt to enter inside the designated course using the landmark beacon as a reference because the PIC realized that the aircraft was off the designated course.
The FO performed altiude an call-out passing over 500 ft. The PIC continued the approach saying, "Check, continue” in response to the call-out of the FO because runway was always visible.
Tokyo Tower then radioed : "Your altitude is too low, confirm, do you have runway 16L insight?". Flight 660 responded saying, “Negative”.
Due to the low altitude, the PIC could not visually the recognize approach light beacon of runway 16L which was blocked by the container piers ahead on the left and lost sight of runway 16L.
Two seconds later the EGPWS caution “TOO LOW TERRAIN” was enunciated at an altitude of 304 ft (93 m).
The flight reported to Tokyo Tower “Now going around”. The lowest altitude the aircraft recorded was 282 ft (86 m).
The Boeing executed a go-around, and made a safe landing on runway 22 about 15 minutes later at 00:04 LT of 12 April.

Similar incident has happened on 22 December 2016, i.e. an A320-214 of Peach Aviation aligned wrong runway 23 of Haneda during a VOR A approach for runway 16L after DARKS arrival.


PROBABLE CAUSES
In this serious incident, it is probable that the Aircraft maneuvered an emergency operation to avoid crash into the ground because it came close to the ground surface in approach to Runway 16L at Tokyo International Airport.
It is probable that coming close to the ground was caused by the PIC’s concentration on modifying the lateral flight path continuing descent without paying an appropriate attention to the descent path, and by the FO’s unawareness of the too low descent path due to his concentration on monitoring the lateral path course.

Weather about the time of the serious incident (23:50 LT/14:50Z)
RJTT 111400Z 17014KT 9999 FEW015 SCT035 BKN050 18/15 Q1009 TEMPO 20018G28KT
RJTT 111500Z 19013KT 9999 FEW015 SCT025 BKN060 19/15 Q1009 NOSIG

Sources:

http://jtsb.mlit.go.jp/jtsb/aircraft/detail2.php?id=2211
https://www.flightradar24.com/data/flights/tg660#1100c236

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: JTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 3 months
Download report: Final report
Other occurrences involving this aircraft

22 May 2005 HS-TGX Thai Airways International 0 near Calcutta-Dum Dum Airport (CCU) min


Images:

Photo of HS-TGX courtesy AirHistory.net


Hong Kong - International (VHHH / HKG)
8 October 2018; (c) Pat



Figure: JTSB


Figure: JTSB


Figure: JTSB

Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
17-Apr-2018 07:31 isamuel Added
17-Apr-2018 07:37 Anon. Updated [Photo, ]
17-Apr-2018 07:41 Anon. Updated [Narrative]
17-Apr-2018 11:12 Anon. Updated [Narrative]
17-Apr-2018 15:39 isamuel Updated [Source, Narrative]
01-Aug-2020 08:15 harro Updated [Source, Narrative, Accident report, ]
01-Aug-2020 08:51 harro Updated [Narrative, Photo, Accident report, ]
01-Aug-2020 08:52 harro Updated [Photo, Accident report, ]
01-Aug-2020 08:52 harro Updated [Photo, Accident report, ]

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