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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 214823
Last updated: 11 January 2021
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Date:29-AUG-2018
Time:11:00
Type:Silhouette image of generic C150 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 150F
Owner/operator:Private
Registration: N7990F
C/n / msn: 15064090
Fatalities:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Category:Accident
Location:Benton Field Airport (O85), Redding, CA -   United States of America
Phase: Unknown
Nature:Private
Departure airport:Redding, CA (O85)
Destination airport:Redding, CA (O85)
Investigating agency: NTSB
Narrative:
The private pilot was departing on a personal flight in his single-engine airplane. Multiple witnesses described the airplane's initial climb as slow and steep, and recounted the airplane entering a left turn before descending to ground contact, consistent with an aerodynamic stall.

Although several witnesses reported that the engine sound during the initial climb was abnormal, examination of the engine and airframe revealed no evidence of mechanical malfunctions or failures that would have precluded normal operation. The wing flaps were found extended to 20; the airplane's owner's manual suggested 10 of flap extension for takeoffs from soft or rough runways; however, the manual also indicates that flaps can reduce the climb to 50 ft. Federal Aviation Administration guidance states that flap deflection of up to 15 primarily produces lift with minimal drag, while flap extension greater than 15 produces a large increase in drag and a significant nose-up pitching moment in high-wing equipped airplanes. It is likely that, during the takeoff with 20 of flaps extended, the airplane became airborne at a lower than normal airspeed and entered a climb at a higher than normal nose-up pitch attitude, placing the airplane very close to its critical angle of attack. During the climb, the pilot exceeded the critical angle of attack, likely by allowing the airspeed to decay due to the airplane's nose-up pitch attitude, and the airplane entered an aerodynamic stall at an altitude too low for recovery.

Toxicology testing of the pilot indicated the presence of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the active compound in marijuana. There is no known relationship between tissue levels and impairment; therefore, whether the pilot's use of a potentially impairing substance contributed to the accident could not be determined.

Probable Cause: The pilot's exceedance of the airplane's critical angle of attack during the initial climb after takeoff, which resulted in an aerodynamic stall and loss of control. Contributing to the accident was the pilot's failure to properly configure the wing flaps for takeoff.

Sources:

NTSB: https://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_id=20180829X54116&key=1

FAA register: https://registry.faa.gov/aircraftinquiry/NNum_Results.aspx?NNumbertxt=7990F%20

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 7 months
Download report: Final report
Location

Media:


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
29-Aug-2018 20:03 Geno Added
29-Aug-2018 20:15 harro Updated [Registration, Source, Embed code, Narrative]
29-Aug-2018 20:19 Geno Updated [Aircraft type, Registration, Cn, Operator, Location, Source, Embed code]
19-Apr-2020 07:03 ASN Update Bot Updated [Time, Operator, Nature, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Embed code, Narrative, Accident report, ]

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