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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 217958
Last updated: 30 September 2019
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Date:10-SEP-1912
Time:07:15 LT
Type:Bristol-Coanda Monoplane
Owner/operator:3 Sqn RFC
Registration: 263
C/n / msn:
Fatalities:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Godstow Road, Lower Wolvercote, near Port Meadow, Oxfordshire -   United Kingdom
Phase: En route
Nature:Military
Departure airport:Larkhill, Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire
Destination airport:Port Meadow, Oxfordshire
Narrative:
10.9.1912: Bristol-Coanda Monoplane 263, 3 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps, Larkhill, Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire. Written off (damaged beyond repair) when dived into the ground,Godstow Road, Lower Wolvercote, near Port Meadow, Oxfordshire. Both persons on board were killed:

Lt Edward Hotchkiss (aged 28) killed
Lt Claude Albemarle Bettington (aged 30) killed

This accident was traced to one of the bracing wires becoming detached, and it resulted in a five-month ban of flying of all monoplanes by the military wing of the RFC. Lt Claude Bettington, as a young officer serving with the Royal Artillery was fascinated by the possibilities which flying offered to the artillery regarding observation and reconnaissance. After learning to fly and becoming the first South African to take the Aviator's Certificate of the Royal Aero Club of the United Kingdom and the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale.

Bettington transferred to the newly formed Royal Flying Corps (RFC). The autumn army manoeuvers of 1912 included the RFC for the first time. Bettington was paired with Edward Hotchkiss, chief test pilot for the Bristol Aeroplane Company to fly a Bristol Coanda Monoplane.

Taking-off from Larkhill at 07.00 on 10 September 1912 they flew directly to Port Meadow, Oxford which was the first stage. Arriving over Port Meadow at 2000 feet. On their approach for landing a quick-release catch holding a strap opened and the strap fractured a flying wire which whipped about, tearing a hole in the starboard wing. Fabric stripped off and control became impossible; the aircraft crashed into the ground at Godstow Road, Lower Wolvercote, 120 yards (110 metres) short of Port Meadow. Bettington was flung to his death from the aircraft and Hotchkiss perished in the ensuing impact.

The crash site, opposite the Trout Inn pub in Wolvercote, is now known locally as "Airman's Bridge"

Sources:

1. http://www.rcawsey.co.uk/Acc1916.htm
2. Barnes, CH (1964). Bristol Aircraft Since 1910 (First ed.). London: Putnam.
3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Bettington#Aviation
4. http://www.hunmanby.com/memstone.html
5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bristol_Coanda_Monoplanes
6. https://www.oxfordmail.co.uk/news/yourtown/oxford/9828019.Plane_crash_centenary____worth_remembering___/
7. https://www.shropshirestar.com/news/2012/09/06/service-to-remember-tragic-shropshire-pilot/
8. MARLBOROUGH EXPRESS, VOLUME XLVI, ISSUE 254, 25 OCTOBER 1912 at https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/MEX19121025.2.13
9. http://www.oxfordhistory.org.uk/streets/inscriptions/north/airmens_bridge.html

Bristol-Coanda Monoplane 3-view 3-view drawing of a Bristol-Coanda Monoplane. Wolvercote TollBridge Monument Bettington&Hotchkiss Monument in Wolvercote, Oxfordshire to Lieutenants Edward Hotchkiss and Claude Bettington, killed in a Bristol Coanda crash in 1912

Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
17-Nov-2018 01:17 Dr.John Smith Added
17-Nov-2018 01:18 Dr.John Smith Updated [Embed code, Narrative]
17-Nov-2018 01:18 Dr.John Smith Updated [Time]
17-Nov-2018 01:21 Dr.John Smith Updated [Narrative]
19-Nov-2018 19:15 Nepa Updated [Operator, Operator]

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