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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 218367
Last updated: 19 October 2019
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Date:20-JUL-1914
Time:day
Type:Henry Farman HF.20
Owner/operator:5 Sqn RFC
Registration: 244
C/n / msn:
Fatalities:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 2
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Fort Grange, near RFC Gosport, Hampshire -   United Kingdom
Phase: Initial climb
Nature:Military
Departure airport:RFC Gosport, Hampshire
Destination airport:RFC Gosport
Narrative:
20.7.1914: Henry Farman HF.20, No.244, 5 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps, Gosport. Written off (destroyed) when spun into the ground, Fort Grange, Gosport, Hampshire. Of the crew of two, one - Lt Llewellyn Charles Hordern (aged 32 attach from the Lancashire Fusiliers) - was killed, and the other- Sgt Campbell (observer) - was injured. According to a contemporary report of the accident in Flight magazine (July 24 1914 page 780 - see link #3)

"THE DISASTER AT GOSPORT.
IT is with the greatest regret that we have to record the accident which cost the life of Lieut. L. C. Hordern on Monday last. The deceased officer was attached to No. 5 Squadron of the Military Wing of the R.F.C., which has just been transferred to Fort Grange, Gosport, and he was flying a 80 h.p. H. Farman biplane, with Sergeant Campbell as passenger. The latter sustained a broken leg, but it is progressing as well as can be expected.

At the inquest on Wednesday, Lieut. H. M. Brook said that he watched the machine go away in a westerly direction two or three miles. On its approaching the fort again from the west he heard the engine stop and saw the biplane glide down from a height of 800 ft. in what developed into a very sensational spiral. He realised there was something wrong.

The machine made three and a quarter complete left-handed circles before striking the ground. He came to the immediate conclusion that the rudder control had jammed, but later inspection of the machine on the ground revealed nothing to show that any of the controls had jammed.

The machine was fitted with dual control which could be used by either the pilot or observer, but it was a recognised practice that the observer was never to touch the controls.

He was of opinion that either the pilot or observer got one of his feet jammed in the rudder bars. Lieut. Brook added that he flew the machine on Friday, when there was some irregularity due to the rudder bar, but that had been put right. Similar evidence was given by Major Higgins and Capt. Grey, and the jury returned a verdict of " Accidental Death," adding an expression of opinion that better medical provision should be made at the Fort Grange flying centre."

Sources:

1. http://www.rcawsey.co.uk/Acc1916.htm
2. Flight magazine (July 24 1914 page 780): https://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1914/1914%20-%200780.html?search=Llewellyn%20Charles%20Hordern
3. London Evening Standard July 23, 1914 page 10 at https://newspaperarchive.com/london-standard-jul-23-1914-p-10/
4. http://www.airhistory.org.uk/rfc/FarmanH.html
5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farman_HF.20
6. http://www.rafmuseumstoryvault.org.uk/archive/hordern-l.c.-llewelyn-c

Henry Farman Biplane - Jul 1912 Henry Farman HF.20 of the Royal Flying Corps 1913

Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
22-Nov-2018 22:08 Dr.John Smith Added
23-Nov-2018 16:34 Nepa Updated [Operator, Location, Destination airport, Operator]
09-Dec-2018 22:07 Dr.John Smith Updated [Source, Narrative]

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