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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 218758
Last updated: 28 April 2019
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Date:23-JAN-1916
Time:12:47 LT
Type:Friedrichshafen FF.33b
Owner/operator:Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial German Navy)
Registration:
C/n / msn:
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Other fatalities:1
Aircraft damage: None
Location:Red Lion Inn, St. Jamesís Street, Dover, Kent -   United Kingdom
Phase: Combat
Nature:Military
Departure airport:
Destination airport:
Narrative:
On the night of 22/23 January 1916, Dover again became the target for a hit and run raid by a single German aircraft. A Friedrichshafen FF.33b floatplane of Seeflieger Abteilung 1 of the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial German Navy) appeared over the town and began dropping bombs at 12.47am. It was the first air raid on England using aircraft that resulted in fatalities; there had been previous raids using Zeppelins that had resulted in civilian casualties, and previous raids using aircraft that had resulted in damage, but no fatalities

The raider came inland just over half a mile south-west of Dover Castle and dropped its first two bombs on Waterloo Crescent and Cambridge Crescent, then continued on a course towards the castle dropping a total of eight high-explosive (HE) and one incendiary bomb. The next bomb fell on Camden Crescent followed by one that caused a fire at the maltings of the Phoenix Brewery in Dolphin Lane, which the fire brigade extinguished by 2.00am. The next bomb struck the gas office in Russell Street, then followed three that caused most of the damage.

One smashed through the roof of the Red Lion Inn in St. Jamesís Street, described in an official report as a Ďcommon lodging house used as a licensed premisesí. The explosion killed 43-year-old Harry Sladden, who possibly worked there as a barman, and injured three men - James Browning, George Gambrill and Richard Willis. All had been sleeping in a first floor room. The blast blew off Sladdenís clothes and, when a doctor arrived, he was dead, lying with his intestines protruding from a stomach wound and compound fractures to his right leg.

The other two dropped close by. One fell on a wall at the back of Golden Cross Cottages from which fragments injured three children - Daisy Marlow, aged 14, Grace Marlow (10) and another unnamed girl. The other bomb injured 71-year-old Julia Philpott as she lay in bed at 2 Golden Cross Place. The final bomb exploded in Victoria Park, estimated Ďwithin 100 yards of Garrison Headquartersí at the castle. Mrs. Julia Philpott died some months later, but it was not established if it was from natural causes or from injuries sustained in the raid.

Having released all his bombs, the pilot turned out to sea and was observed from St. Margaretís heading eastwards at 1.03am. The raid was over so quickly that no aircraft took off to oppose it and no anti-aircraft guns opened fire.

Sources:

1. http://www.iancastlezeppelin.co.uk/2223-jan-1916/4588494586
2. http://www.doverwarmemorialproject.org.uk/Casualties/Civilians/WW1/SurnamesNtoZ.htm
3. http://www.doverwarmemorialproject.org.uk/Casualties/Civilians/WW1/Injuries%20in%20Dover.htm


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
29-Nov-2018 17:12 Dr.John Smith Added

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