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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 220653
Last updated: 24 May 2020
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Date:09-JAN-2019
Time:10:30 LT
Type:Silhouette image of generic MIR2 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Dassault Mirage 2000D
Owner/operator:EC 2/30 (Normandie-Niémen) Armée de l'Air
Registration: 667/3-JZ
C/n / msn: 541
Fatalities:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Category:Accident
Location:2 km SE of Mignovillard -   France
Phase: En route
Nature:Military
Departure airport:Nancy-Ochey Air Base 133
Destination airport:Nancy-Ochey Air Base 133
Investigating agency: BEA-É
Narrative:
The Mirage 2000D of EC 001.03 "Navarra" completed an AST mission in instrument flight conditions and in a restricted area.
The crew was composed of a pilot and a Weapons Systems Officer Navigator.
After 10 minutes of flight in the RTBA's field tracking mode (FTM), the crew must perform a SCALP firing pass simulation. Radar and radio contact was lost as the aircraft flew over the Mignovillard forest in a right-hand turn. Aircraft wreckage was found at the end of the day 2 kilometres south-east of this commune. The crew died.

Unrecognized spatial disorientation of the crew. It can be explained by:
- a perceptual illusion;
- erroneous situational awareness;
- a possible punctual lack of monitoring by the navigator or an inefficiency in warning the pilot (time too short, inattentive deafness or misunderstanding of the pilot).
Nevertheless, in view of the destruction of the flight recorders and the lack of expert evidence, other scenarios cannot be excluded.
Other causes have also been identified and contributed to the event:
- a lack of organic training within the 3rd EC;
- a lack of crew training for the SDT mission;
- an inability to simulate the SCALP firing pass in the flight simulator;
- a difficulty for the Air Force to provide immediate solutions to the complex training capability issues raised by the local command.
This lack of training has led to a search for optimisation on each flight. Over the years, training has become increasingly dense. This density has become the norm for crews who have only experienced this situation. The SDT is no longer de facto perceived today as the goal of training but as the simple prelude to an operational mode of action, which therefore requires less attention.
This migration of practices has led to an underestimation of the risks associated with this type of mission and a lack of supervision. This mission was then proposed as a recovery flight, despite its complexity and the low experience of the crew.
Finally, the crew was probably not able to abandon its initial action plan during the flight despite an initial clearance shortly before the firing pass, due to a triple pressure effect:
- the need to optimize the training;
- the fear of another experienced pilot's judgment;
- a strong personal motivation.

Sources:

https://france3-regions.francetvinfo.fr/bourgogne-franche-comte/doubs/haut-doubs/haut-doubs-avion-chasse-mirage-2000-disparait-radars-crash-suspecte-1603907.html
https://france3-regions.francetvinfo.fr/grand-est/meurthe-et-moselle/nancy/nancy-crash-mirage-2000d-mission-classique-entrainement-equipage-confirme-patron-ba-133-1603923.html
https://www.francetvinfo.fr/faits-divers/accident/les-deux-membres-d-equipage-du-mirage-2000d-qui-a-disparu-dans-le-jura-sont-morts-annonce-la-ministre-des-armees_3138927.html
http://lignesdedefense.blogs.ouest-france.fr/archive/2019/01/11/in-memoriam-capitaine-baptiste-chirie-et-lieutenant-audrey-m-19940.html
https://www.standard.co.uk/news/world/mirage-2000d-latest-french-air-force-says-pilot-and-navigator-on-missing-fighter-jet-are-dead-a4035961.html
http://www.deltareflex.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=41&t=4286

https://www.jetphotos.com/photo/9011291

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: BEA-É
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 11 months
Download report: Final report


Images:


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
09-Jan-2019 12:56 gerard57 Added
09-Jan-2019 13:23 gerard57 Updated [Aircraft type]
09-Jan-2019 14:47 gerard57 Updated [Time, Location, Damage, Narrative]
09-Jan-2019 19:45 Iceman 29 Updated [Narrative]
09-Jan-2019 20:03 Iceman 29 Updated [Time, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Embed code, Narrative]
09-Jan-2019 20:11 Iceman 29 Updated [Location, Embed code]
11-Jan-2019 00:47 Iceman 29 Updated [Total fatalities, Source, Narrative, Photo]
11-Jan-2019 07:00 Anon. Updated [Total fatalities, Other fatalities, Source]
11-Jan-2019 11:52 Aerossurance Updated [Operator, Source, Narrative]
11-Jan-2019 13:02 Iceman 29 Updated [Embed code]
11-Jan-2019 13:02 Iceman 29 Updated [Operator, Other fatalities, Embed code]
11-Jan-2019 13:07 Iceman 29 Updated [Time, Source]
13-Jan-2019 10:33 Martijn Updated [Registration, Source]
15-Jan-2019 02:47 RobertMB Updated [Registration, Cn, Operator, Source]
23-Dec-2019 17:16 Nepa Updated [Operator, Operator]
29-Dec-2019 18:46 harro Updated [Time, Location, Narrative, Accident report, ]

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