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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 223925
Last updated: 20 February 2021
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Type:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-232
Registration: SX-ORG
C/n / msn: 1407
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 184
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: None
Category:Serious incident
Location:Pristina Airport (PRN/LYPR) -   Kosovo
Phase: Landing
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Basel/Mulhouse/Freiburg EuroAirport (BSL/LFSB)
Destination airport:Pristina Airport (PRN/LYPR)
Aircraft touched down hard with a load of 3.04G. The hard landing was a deliberate action by the copilot as PF to avoid possible aquaplaning. Crew assessed the landing as within limits of the aircraft. De data monitoring unit did not produce a landing report, since the printer was not loaded with paper. Initially, the crew did not report the hard landing, however the copilot had second thoughts after a few days and reported the landing to the training manager. Aircraft flew 8 sectors before being inspected. Minor damage to the landing gear was discovered.

3.2 Contributing Factors
- The maneuvers of the PF on the stick seconds before touchdown. There were several nose up and nose down inputs at very low height.
- A late full back stick applied by the PF at 20ft/RA. This action was too late to change the vertical descent rate, so the hard landing was unavoidable at this point.
- The weather circumstances during that night were contributing factors to this occurrence, it was snowing and the runway was wet.
- Decision of the flight crew to have a Positive Landing resulted in an increased rate of descent
- Touchdown occurred with a high rate of descent (880 ft/min) as a result the Severe Hard Landing occurred.
- The left side window of the PF was foggy and was out of order because the heating was not working and the captain had reduced peripheral view. This malfunction was an MEL item, was inoperative and was out of order, the flight crew were in aware of it.
3.3 Findings as to Risk
- The flight crew failed to obtain the task written in the AMM 05-51-11-200-004 regarding that the flight crew are responsible to make a report if they think that there was a hard/overweight landing.
- Missing printer paper in the DMU was an MEL item, but also crucial for printing the Load <15> report and confirming the landing parameters.
- The aircraft continued to fly 8 more sectors without any inspection which might lead to compromising the safety of flight operations.

Sources: (page 56-105)

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: 
Status: Investigation completed
Download report: Final report
Other occurrences involving this aircraft

30 Jan 2015 XY-AGS Golden Myanmar Airlines 0 Nay Pyi Taw International Airport (NYT) min
Bird strike.
18 Jul 2017 SX-ORG Orange2Fly opf Travel Service/SmartWings 0 Burgas Airport (BOJ/LBBG) min


Photo of SX-ORG courtesy

Düsseldorf - International (EDDL / DUS)
2 October 2019; (c) Pertti Sipilä

Revision history:

13-Apr-2019 09:51 Edwin Added
03-Aug-2020 06:31 KagurazakaHanayo Updated [Time, Total occupants, Other fatalities, Source, Damage, Narrative]

Corrections or additions? ... Edit this accident description