ASN logo
ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 228185
Last updated: 15 June 2020
This information is added by users of ASN. Neither ASN nor the Flight Safety Foundation are responsible for the completeness or correctness of this information. If you feel this information is incomplete or incorrect, you can submit corrected information.

Type:Silhouette image of generic SPIT model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Supermarine Spitfire Ia
Owner/operator:54 Squadron Royal Air Force (54 Sqn RAF)
Registration: N3188
C/n / msn: 429
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 1
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Sea, off Gravelines, Nord Department, 15 miles SW of Dunkerque -   France
Phase: Combat
Departure airport:RAF Hornchurch, Essex
Destination airport:
N3188: Spitfire Mk.Ia (C/no. 429). First Flown 22-11-39. Delivered to the RAF at 24 MU 25-11-39, Issued to 54 Squadron (as KL-O) 21-12-39. Damaged by Bf 109s and abandoned off Gravelines 25-5-40. Pilot bailed out survived, and was rescued. Struck Off Charge 1-6-40. Flying Hours 94.55.

According to the official Air Ministry file into the incident (File AIR 81/560): "Spitfire N3188 shot down over the sea, 25 May 1940. Pilot Officer J L Allen: missing, later reported to be safe; returned to England by British Navy destroyer".

Missing from escorting FAA RN Fairey Swordfish torpedo bombers to Gravelines, Nord Department, 15 miles SW of Dunkerque, Pas de Calais. 54 Squadron lost 3 Spitfires this day: N3096, N3103, N3188. The pilots of the other 2 were Sgt Frank Buckland (KIA) and Flt Lt D.G. Gribble (safe, returned UK by ship)

According to a biography of the pilot, Pilot Officer John Laurence "Dizzy" Allen:

"On 24th May Allen shot down a Bf-109 in the Calais area, on the 25th he destroyed two Bf-110's with another probable. In the last engagement his engine was hit by a cannon shell and he baled out over the Channel near a destroyer. He returned to the squadron that evening dressed in a naval officer's uniform, carrying a kit bag."


1. Royal Air Force Aircraft N1000-N9999 (James J Halley, Air Britain, 1977 p 18)
2. National Archives (PRO Kew) File AIR 81/560:
3. Air Battle for Dunkirk: 26 May - 3 June 1940 By Norman Franks

Related books:

Revision history:

13-Aug-2019 22:31 Dr. John Smith Added
14-Aug-2019 10:33 stehlik49 Updated [Operator]

Corrections or additions? ... Edit this accident description