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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 230929
Last updated: 6 June 2020
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Date:06-JAN-2017
Time:17:20
Type:Silhouette image of generic C421 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 421C
Owner/operator:Private
Registration: N71RC
C/n / msn: 421C0423
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 1
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Category:Accident
Location:Jackson, CA -   United States of America
Phase: Landing
Nature:Private
Departure airport:Palo Alto, CA (PAO)
Destination airport:Jackson, CA (JAQ)
Investigating agency: NTSB
Narrative:
The airline transport pilot reported that, during the landing roll at the end of a crosscountry flight, when he attempted to lightly apply the brakes, the airplane began to yaw from side to side. The airplane subsequently exited the right side of the runway and sustained substantial damage to the right wing spar. During the landing, the right main landing gear collapsed. An on-site examination revealed that the right main landing gear torque link assembly had separated at the hinge attach point due to the failure of the torque link bolt. Although the bolt was located at the accident site, the bolt's nut, cotter pin, and washer were missing. Further examination revealed that the torque link bolt threads had been rounded over and exhibited remnants of material consistent with the threads of the mating nut. In addition, remnants of the cotter pin that was installed through the bolt hole were visible. The sheared cotter pin and threads from the nut that remained within the bolt threads suggest that the torque link bolt/nut assembly was overloaded, which resulted in the landing gear collapse.
A Federal Aviation Administration special airworthiness information bulletin had been issued about 3 years before the accident to advise owners, operators, and maintenance technicians of the make and model airplane of the need to inspect the main landing gear torque link assembly to ensure the correct thickness of washers and to ensure that the washers are installed properly, and a Cessna service bulletin had also been issued previously regarding the washers. However, no maintenance records were available to determine the airplane's maintenance history or compliance with the applicable bulletins.


Probable Cause: The failure of the right main landing gear torque link bolt in overstress, which resulted in the collapse of the landing gear during the landing roll.



Sources:

NTSB: https://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_id=20170109X24157&key=1

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 10 months
Download report: Final report


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
27-Nov-2019 07:16 ASN Update Bot Added

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