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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 235217
Last updated: 19 April 2020
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Date:16-NOV-2015
Time:10:40
Type:Silhouette image of generic EC20 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Eurocopter EC120B
Owner/operator:Hanscopter Llc
Registration: N88HA
C/n / msn: 1634
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Category:Accident
Location:Goshen, IN -   United States of America
Phase: En route
Nature:Training
Departure airport:Elkhart, IN (EKM)
Destination airport:Elkhart, IN (EKM)
Investigating agency: NTSB
Narrative:
The flight instructor and helicopter-rated pilot were returning from an instructional flight in the helicopter. The flight instructor reported they heard a noise come from somewhere in the helicopter. They diverted to a nearby airport for a precautionary landing. As they approached the airport, the noise level increased. The instructor took the controls, and, about 15 ft above ground level and 25 knots, the helicopter began an uncommanded left yaw. The instructor responded with corresponding right pedal input; however, it did not stop the left yaw. The instructor immediately reduced engine power and initiated a hovering autorotation.

A postaccident examination revealed the tail rotor drive system's Thomas coupling interface with the main gear box tail rotor output shaft failed. The Thomas coupling was part of the installation of an after-market air conditioning system approved under a supplemental type certificate (STC). Laboratory examinations revealed that while the pulley within the tail rotor drive system was made to the STC holder's requirements, those requirements deviated significantly from the original equipment output flange. Changes were made to the spline profile, manufacturing method, and lubrication regimen. Any of these changes, either independently or collectively, likely contributed to the increased wear and failure of the Thomas coupling. After the accident, the manufacturer issued a service bulletin and the Federal Aviation Administration issued an emergency airworthiness directive that called for an immediate and repetitive inspection of the coupling every 25 flight hours or deactivating the air conditioning system by removing the STC's Thomas coupling and reinstalling the original equipment manufacturer's Thomas coupling half.

Probable Cause: The failure of the Thomas coupling at the interface with the main gear box tail rotor output shaft, which resulted in the helicopter's loss of tail rotor control.

Sources:

NTSB: https://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_id=20151120X64809&key=1

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 4 years and 5 months
Download report: Final report


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
19-Apr-2020 07:05 ASN Update Bot Added

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