Emergency parachute use Accident Cirrus SR20 GTS G3 N89423, 15 Jun 2021
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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 264051
 
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Date:15-JUN-2021
Time:10:45
Type:Silhouette image of generic SR20 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Cirrus SR20 GTS G3
Owner/operator:Mountain Lion Aviation
Registration: N89423
MSN: 2255
Fatalities:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 2
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Category:Accident
Location:near Truckee-Tahoe Airport (TRK/KTRK), Truckee, CA -   United States of America
Phase: Initial climb
Nature:Training
Departure airport:Truckee Airport, CA (TKF/KTRK)
Destination airport:Truckee Airport, CA (TKF/KTRK)
Investigating agency: NTSB
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Narrative:
On June 15, 2021, about 1045 Pacific daylight time, a Cirrus Design Corporation SR20 airplane,
N89423, was substantially damaged when it was involved in an accident at Truckee-Tahoe Airport (TRK), Truckee, California. The flight instructor sustained fatal injuries, and the student pilot sustained serious injuries. The airplane was operated as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 instructional flight.

The student pilot recalled that, during takeoff on an instructional flight, the airplane’s stall warning indicator activated and that the flight instructor deployed the Cirrus airframe parachute system. The student pilot did not remember any other events during the accident flight but stated that he likely conducted the takeoff given his experience during previous training flights.

A pilot-rated witness observed the accident airplane’s departure and stated that the airplane appeared to make shallow right turns, consistent with right crosswind and downwind turns. The witness stated that he expected the wings to level; however, the airplane abruptly banked to the right 90°, and the nose pitched down. The parachute deployed from the airplane, which was followed by the airplane descending below the tree line and out of the witness’ view. The witness stated that he heard the sound of the airplane impacting the terrain.

Postaccident examination of the airframe and engine revealed no evidence of a mechanical failure or malfunction that would have precluded normal operation. A review of recoverable data module data showed that, throughout the flight, the airplane’s flaps were at the 50% position. During the takeoff climb, the airplane’s indicated airspeed continued to increase gradually, reaching a maximum of 89 knots. The airspeed then began to decrease, and the airplane entered a climbing right turn to a maximum GPS altitude of 6,391 ft, about 500 ft above ground level. Before the parachute was activated, the stall warning was recorded three times, including when the bank angle was 81°, and the electronic stability and protection system’s roll mode was active for 2 seconds.

The airplane’s Pilot Operating Handbook showed that, at the airplane’s maximum gross weight and with a forward center of gravity, 50% flap position, and 60° bank angle, the airplane’s stall speed is 89 knots indicated airspeed. With the same data except for an aft center of gravity, the stall speed is 85 knots indicated airspeed.

The student pilot likely exceeded the airplane’s critical angle of attack during a turn, which resulted in an aerodynamic stall, a low-altitude parachute deployment, and an impact with terrain. The flight instructor was likely delayed in his attempted remedial action before deploying the airplane’s parachute system.

Postaccident examination of the airframe and engine revealed no evidence of a mechanical failure or malfunction that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause: The student pilot’s exceedance of the airplane’s critical angle of attack during a turn and the flight instructor’s delayed remedial action, resulting in an aerodynamic stall and a subsequent impact with terrain.

Sources:

https://www.kolotv.com/2021/06/15/one-dead-one-injured-plane-crash-near-truckee/
https://www.abc10.com/article/news/local/california/small-plane-crash-truckee/103-069dae58-0d69-4e5b-8a12-922fdca8a169
https://www.kcra.com/article/crews-respond-to-reports-of-small-aircraft-down-near-truckee/36731513

FAA
NTSB
https://flightaware.com/live/flight/N89423/history/20210615/1759Z/KTRK/KTRK
https://registry.faa.gov/AircraftInquiry/Search/NNumberResult?nNumberTxt=N89423

https://cirrusaircraft.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/CAPS_Guide.pdf

https://photos-e1.flightcdn.com/photos/retriever/783321487bbf9911577eedea43c2ff8465e3d347 (photo)

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 5 months
Download report: Final report
Location

Media:


Images:



Photos: NTSB

Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
15-Jun-2021 20:57 Geno Added
15-Jun-2021 21:48 Geno Updated [Time, Registration, Cn, Operator, Source, Narrative]
16-Jun-2021 13:12 RobertMB Updated [Aircraft type, Registration, Operator, Phase, Nature, Destination airport, Source, Damage, Narrative]
16-Jun-2021 13:19 Captain Adam Updated [Embed code, Narrative]
16-Jun-2021 15:57 harro Updated [Embed code]
16-Jun-2021 19:20 RobertMB Updated [Narrative]
17-Jun-2021 15:20 Captain Adam Updated [Narrative]
17-Jun-2021 15:25 Captain Adam Updated [Source]
02-Jul-2021 05:30 RobertMB Updated [Narrative]
21-Jul-2021 07:58 aaronwk Updated [Time, Nature, Source, Narrative, Category]
21-Jul-2021 08:00 harro Updated [Narrative]
19-Sep-2022 23:44 RobertMB Updated [Time, Operator]
07-Dec-2022 08:30 RobertMB Updated [Narrative]
08-Dec-2022 16:56 Captain Adam Updated [Time, Source, Narrative, Accident report, Photo]
08-Dec-2022 16:56 Captain Adam Updated [Photo]
08-Dec-2022 19:19 harro Updated [[Photo]]

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