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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 28650
Last updated: 22 April 2019
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Date:17-JAN-1985
Time:02:05 EST
Type:Silhouette image of generic PA31 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Piper PA-31-350 Chieftain
Owner/operator:Southern Express Airways
Registration: N70CZ
C/n / msn: 31-7952169
Fatalities:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Atlantic Ocean, 300 yards off Key West, Monroe County, Florida -   United States of America
Phase: Take off
Nature:Illegal Flight
Departure airport:Key West, Florida (EYW/KEYW)
Destination airport:
Narrative:
THE AIRCRAFT CRASHED INTO THE OCEAN SHORTLY AFTER TAKEOFF FROM KEY WEST FLORIDA ON AN UNAUTHORIZED FLIGHT. THE PILOT WAS A STUDENT PILOT WHO WORKED AS A REFUELER OF AIRCRAFT. THE STUDENT PILOT TOOK THE UNATTENDED PARKED AIRCRAFT WITHOUT PERMISSION AND WENT FOR A SOLO FLIGHT AT SOMETIME AROUND 02:00 HOURS. THE FLIGHT ENDED ALMOST AS SOON AS IT BEGAN AS THE AIRCRAFT CRASHED INTO THE OCEAN 300 YARDS OFFSHORE FROM KEY WEST, FLORIDA. THE AIRCRAFT SANK IN 10 FEET OF WATER.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:

FLIGHT CONTROLS..IMPROPER USE OF..PILOT IN COMMAND
VISUAL/AURAL PERCEPTION..PILOT IN COMMAND
PROCEDURES/DIRECTIVES..IMPROPER..PILOT IN COMMAND
OVERCONFIDENCE IN PERSONAL ABILITY..PILOT IN COMMAND
JUDGMENT..POOR..PILOT IN COMMAND
ALTITUDE..NOT MAINTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND
EMOTIONAL REACTION..PILOT IN COMMAND
PROPER CLIMB RATE..NOT ATTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND
LACK OF TOTAL EXPERIENCE IN TYPE OPERATION..PILOT IN COMMAND
CLEARANCE..NOT MAINTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND
SPATIAL DISORIENTATION..PILOT IN COMMAND

Sources:

1. NTSB Identification: MIA85LA082 at https://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_id=20001214X35578&key=1
2. FAA: http://registry.faa.gov/aircraftinquiry/NNum_Results.aspx?NNumbertxt=70CZ
3. [LINK NOT WORKING ANYMORE:http://www.baaa-acro.com/1985/archives/crash-of-a-piper-pa-31-navajo-chieftain-in-key-west/]


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
27-Sep-2008 01:00 ASN archive Added
30-Apr-2015 19:37 Dr. John Smith Updated [Time, Cn, Operator, Location, Phase, Nature, Departure airport, Source, Damage, Narrative]
30-Apr-2015 19:40 Dr. John Smith Updated [Location]
21-Dec-2016 19:16 ASN Update Bot Updated [Time, Damage, Category, Investigating agency]
21-Dec-2016 19:20 ASN Update Bot Updated [Time, Damage, Category, Investigating agency]
04-Oct-2017 18:04 Dr. John Smith Updated [Time, Operator, Source]

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