ASN logo
ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 56879
Last updated: 29 September 2019
This information is added by users of ASN. Neither ASN nor the Flight Safety Foundation are responsible for the completeness or correctness of this information. If you feel this information is incomplete or incorrect, you can submit corrected information.

Date:06-JAN-2009
Time:
Type:Silhouette image of generic P28A model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Piper PA-28-140
Owner/operator:private
Registration: C-FRZH
C/n / msn: 28-24825
Fatalities:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 4
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:near Buckland, QC -   Canada
Phase: En route
Nature:Private
Departure airport:Québec/Jean Lesage International Airport
Destination airport:Saint John, NB
Narrative:
The Piper Cherokee PA-28-140 took off from the Québec/Jean Lesage International Airport, Quebec, on a night visual flight rules flight to the Saint John Airport, New Brunswick, with the pilot and 3 passengers on board. Approximately 20 minutes later and about 38 nautical miles east of Québec, the pilot informed the Québec terminal control unit that the flight was encountering a snow shower. Thirty-six seconds later, the Québec terminal controller lost radio contact with the aircraft. About 3 minutes later, the aircraft disappeared from the radar screen. Shortly after, the aircraft struck the southwest slope of the Massif du Sud Mountain, Quebec. The emergency locator transmitter (ELT) activated on impact. The aircraft was located at 09:06. The aircraft was destroyed, but there was no post-impact fire. The pilot and front seat passenger were fatally injured. The 2 rear seat passengers sustained serious injuries.

Findings as to Causes and Contributing Factors
1. The pilot undertook a night visual flight rules (VFR) flight while there was a risk of encountering instrument meteorological conditions (IMC).
2. During the night flight, the pilot inadvertently entered snow showers and lost visual reference with the ground before crashing in controlled flight.
3. The accident occurred at night, when it is harder to avoid bad weather and to see unmarked obstacles.
4. It is likely that the pilot did not use the VFR navigation chart to navigate and, as a result, did not know the exact position of the aircraft or the elevation of the terrain in the area.
5. The aircraft altitude was not corrected to compensate for the low outside temperature. As a result, the true altitude of the aircraft was approximately 500 feet lower than the indicated altitude, thus reducing the safety margin needed to avoid obstacles and the terrain.
6. Although the effects of cocaine on performance in aviation have not been studied, its known effects indicate that the pilot’s use may have contributed to this accident.


Sources:

http://www.tsb.gc.ca/eng/rapports-reports/aviation/2009/a09q0003/a09q0003.asp
http://montrealgazette.com//Investigation+after+Quebec+plane+crash+kills/1147525/story.html


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
06-Jan-2009 10:45 harro Added
06-Jan-2009 10:46 harro Updated
06-Jan-2009 23:46 Willy Updated
01-Mar-2009 10:45 Pete Updated
01-Feb-2011 13:02 harro Updated [Cn, Other fatalities, Departure airport, Source, Narrative]

Corrections or additions? ... Edit this accident description