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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 15045
Last updated: 17 April 2019
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Date:01-MAR-2008
Time:13:52
Type:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-211
Owner/operator:Lufthansa
Registration: D-AIQP
C/n / msn: 346
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 137
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Minor
Category:Incident
Location:Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel Airport (HAM/EDDH) -   Germany
Phase: Landing
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:München-Franz Josef Strauss Airport (MUC/EDDM)
Destination airport:Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel Airport (HAM/EDDH)
Investigating agency: BFU Germany
Narrative:
Because of the weather associated with hurricane Emma, on 1 March 2008 a Lufthansa Airbus A320 left Munich Airport (MUC) on a scheduled flight to Hamburg (HAM) at 12:31 about two hours behind schedule, with a crew of five and 132 passengers. Given the ATIS weather report including wind of 280°/23 kt with gusts of up to 37 kt, during the cruise phase of the flight the crew decided on an approach to Runway 23, the runway then also in use by other traffic. During the approach to land, the aerodrome controller gave several updates on the wind. Immediately prior to touchdown, the wind was reported as 300°/33 kt, gusting up to 47 kt. At the time of the decrab-procedure there was no significant gust.
The initial descent was flown by autopilot and the co-pilot assumed manual control from 940 ft above ground.
After the aircraft left main landing gear had touched down, the aircraft lifted off again and immediately adopted a left wing down attitude, whereupon the left wingtip touched the ground. The crew initiated a go-around procedure. The aircraft continued to climb under radar guidance to the downwind leg of runway 33, where it landed at 1352 hrs. No aircraft occupants were injured. The aircraft left wingtip suffered damage from contact with the runway.

This serious landing incident took place in the presence of a significant crosswind and immediate causes are as follows:
- The sudden left wing down attitude was not expected by the crew during the landing and resulted in contact between the wingtip and the ground.
- During the final approach to land the tower reported the wind as gusting up to 47 knots, and the aircraft continued the approach. In view of the maximum crosswind demonstrated for landing, a go-around would have been reasonable.
The following systematic causes led to this serious incident:
- The terminology maximum crosswind demonstrated for landing was not defined in the Operating Manual (OM/A) and in the Flight Crew Operating Manual (FCOM), Vol. 3, and the description given was misleading.
- The recommended crosswind landing technique was not clearly described in the aircraft standard documentation.
- The limited effect of lateral control was unknown.

Sources:

https://www.bfu-web.de/DE/Publikationen/Untersuchungsberichte/2008/Bericht_08_5X003_A320_Hamburg-Seitenwindlandung.pdf?__blob=publicationFile

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: BFU Germany
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years
Download report: Final report


Images:

Photo of D-AIQP courtesy AirHistory.net


Dresden (EDDC / DRS)
13 June 2007; (c) Georg Noack


D-AIQP, the accident aircraft, over 2 years after the accident, seen at Frankfurt/Rhein-Main AB International Airport (FRA/EDDF), Germany.

Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
02-Mar-2008 02:22 harro Added
03-Mar-2008 10:41 harro Updated
04-Mar-2010 11:58 harro Updated [Time, Location, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Embed code, Narrative]
29-Aug-2010 05:30 Anon. Updated [Embed code]
26-Nov-2017 20:04 harro Updated [Source, Embed code, Narrative]

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