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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 172583
Last updated: 11 January 2020
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Date:30-DEC-2014
Time:17:43
Type:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-216
Owner/operator:AirAsia Zest
Registration: RP-C8972
C/n / msn: 2826
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 159
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Unknown
Location:Kalibo Airport (KLO/RPVK) -   Philippines
Phase: Landing
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Manila-Ninoy Aquino International Airport (MNL/RPLL)
Destination airport:Kalibo Airport (KLO/RPVK)
Narrative:
An AirAsia Zest A320, registration RP-C8972, suffered a runway excursion while landing on runway 23 at Kalibo Airport (KLO), Philippines. Runway 23 has an LDA (Landing Distance Available) of 2187 meters.
Flight Z2272 arrived at Kalibo at 17:43 local time after a scheduled flight from Manila, Philippines. The airplane came to rest on the grass and all passengers were evacuated using escape slides.

Cebu Pacific Flight DG7054 (Manila-Kalibo), an Airbus A320, left a holding pattern near Kalibo at 15:55 and returned to Manila due to weather.
On December 19, 2013 another AirAsia Zest A320 was involved in an incident at Kalibo when the nose gear departed the runway during a 180-degree turn before takeoff.

PROBABLE CAUSE
The Aircraft Accident Investigation and Inquiry Board determined that the probable cause of this accident was:
- Primary Cause Factor
Failure of the PIC to discontinue the approach despite poor weather condition that suggest a Missed Approach should have been initiated.(Human Factor)
The Pilot-In-Command clearly disregarded the normal and standard basic operating procedures setforth in the operations manual. This is a clear manifestation of poor judgement on the part of the PIC which violates the basic rules of the air and apparently endangers flight safety.
- Contributory Factor
a. The unfavorable tailwind condition which was more than 10 knots.
b. Kalibo International Airport has one way traffic pattern to land during night operation since Runway 05 has no Instrument Landing System (ILS)

Sources:

http://www.caap.gov.ph/images/aaiib/2014acc/RP-C8972.pdf
http://www.bea.aero/fr/enquetes/2015/2015.semaine.01.pdf
http://aviation-safety.net/wikibase/wiki.php?id=172584 (earlier incident at Kalibo in December 2013)


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
30-Dec-2014 10:34 harro Added
30-Dec-2014 10:41 harro Updated [Time, Nature, Departure airport, Embed code, Narrative]
30-Dec-2014 10:46 harro Updated [Narrative]
30-Dec-2014 10:53 harro Updated [Narrative]
30-Dec-2014 11:02 harro Updated [Source, Narrative]
30-Dec-2014 11:21 harro Updated [Source, Narrative]
08-Jan-2015 19:36 harro Updated [Total occupants, Source]
22-Sep-2015 06:33 harro Updated [Source, Narrative]

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