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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 192427
Last updated: 15 October 2021
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Date:31-DEC-2016
Time:17:25
Type:Silhouette image of generic L8 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Luscombe 8A
Owner/operator:Private
Registration: N2889K
MSN: 5616
Fatalities:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Other fatalities:2
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Category:Accident
Location:Collin County, McKinney, TX -   United States of America
Phase: Unknown
Nature:Private
Departure airport:McKinney, TX (T31)
Destination airport:McKinney, TX (T31)
Investigating agency: NTSB
Narrative:
A Luscombe 8A (N2889K) and a Piper PA-28R-200 Arrow II (N4407T) were engaged in personal flights in the when the airplanes collided in midair in the traffic pattern of the nontowered airport where both airplanes were based. The Luscombe, with a commercial pilot and a passenger onboard departed from runway 17 at the airport, turned left to an east heading, and then left to a north heading, which placed the Luscombe on the downwind leg of the airport traffic pattern. Meanwhile, the Piper with a private pilot aboard approached the airport from the northwest, turned east, and then crossed the airport near midfield about 1,800 ft mean sea level, the airport's traffic pattern altitude. The Piper collided with the Luscombe, and both airplanes entered uncontrolled descents and impacted terrain about a quarter of a mile apart.

Postaccident examination of the wreckage found pieces of the Luscombe with the Piper wreckage and pieces of the Piper with the Luscombe wreckage. Paint and transfer marks on the Luscombe were consistent with the Piper impacting the left rear of the Luscombe.

One pilot-rated witness reported that he saw no indication that either pilot saw the other before the airplanes collided, and the radar data showed no indication of maneuvering to avoid a collision by either airplane. The Luscombe's high-wing configuration and the convergence angle of the airplanes that required the Luscombe pilot to look west into a setting sun to see the Piper likely restricted the Luscombe pilot's ability to see the Piper approaching from his left-rear side. The Piper's low wing configuration may also have restricted the Piper pilot's ability to see the Luscombe that was in front of and likely slightly below him. Further, the Piper pilot's decision to use an alternate traffic pattern entry procedure and cross midfield at traffic pattern altitude rather than at least 500 ft above pattern altitude, which is the preferred traffic pattern entry procedure recommended in Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) guidance material, provided less opportunity for him to see the Luscombe.

Witnesses reported hearing the Luscombe pilot making radio calls on the common traffic advisory frequency (CTAF). They further reported hearing the pilots of other airplanes making calls on the CTAF, but they were not sure if any of the calls were from the Piper pilot. Therefore, it could not be determined if the Piper pilot was making the FAA-recommended traffic pattern entry radio calls.

Probable Cause: The pilot's use of an alternate traffic pattern entry procedure, which resulted in his inability to see and avoid the other airplane, which was flying the preferred traffic pattern, and the subsequent midair collision.

Sources:

NTSB

Accident investigation:
cover
  
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 6 months
Download report: Final report
Location


Images:


Photo: NTSB

Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
01-Jan-2017 00:37 Geno Added
01-Jan-2017 00:49 Geno Updated [Time, Other fatalities, Narrative]
01-Jan-2017 05:31 Geno Updated [Aircraft type, Total fatalities, Other fatalities, Source, Narrative]
01-Jan-2017 06:06 Geno Updated [Total fatalities, Total occupants, Other fatalities, Source]
02-Jan-2017 16:53 Geno Updated [Aircraft type, Registration, Cn, Operator, Source]
04-Jan-2017 18:46 Anon. Updated [Narrative]
03-May-2018 12:15 Anon. Updated [Damage]
06-Jul-2019 19:36 ASN Update Bot Updated [Time, Total fatalities, Total occupants, Other fatalities, Nature, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Narrative, Accident report, ]
07-Jul-2019 07:44 harro Updated [Total fatalities, Total occupants, Other fatalities, Source, Narrative, Photo]

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