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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 199920
Last updated: 20 October 2017
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Date:22-JAN-2017
Time:05:56 UTC
Type:Silhouette image of generic B738 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-838 (WL)
Owner/operator:Jet Airways
Registration: VT-JTD
C/n / msn: 30734/2477
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 168
Other fatalities:0
Airplane damage: Minor
Category:Serious incident
Location:Dhaka-Shahjalal International Airport (DAC/VGHS) -   Bangladesh
Phase: Landing
Nature:International Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Mumbai-Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (BOM/VABB)
Destination airport:Dhaka-Shahjalal International Airport (DAC/VGHS)
Investigating agency: AAIB India
Narrative:
Jet Airways Boeing 737-800 aircraft VT-JTD was operating flight 9W276 from Mumbai, India to Dhaka, Bangladesh. On board were 160 passengers and 8 crew members including a supernumerary first officer undergoing observation flight.
The aircraft took off from Mumbai at around 03:45 UTC and landed at Dhaka Airport at around 05:56 UTC. The enroute flight was uneventful. The weather at Dhaka at the time of landing was fine with visibility approx 1900 meters and winds 360/04 kts.
At the time of landing the first officer was the pilot flying and captain was the pilot monitoring. According to the captain, the aircraft was stabilized at 1000 ft AFE in VMC on runway 14 with all checks completed. Also the landing clearance was obtained from Dhaka ATC. As the aircraft approached the runway, the captain observed that they were high on the glide slope and immediately corrective actions were taken by the first officer. On initial touchdown the aircraft bounced with a noseup attitude higher than the normal. Thereafter, the captain took over the controls and added thrust with simultaneous increase in pitch attitude. After thrust was added, the takeoff configuration warning light flashed, followed by a warning horn and aircraft touched down again. Thereafter thrust reversers were deployed and the aircraft exited the runway and taxied to the parking bay. After engines were shut down, an engineer was informed about the suspected hard landing.
During the post flight walk around inspection at Dhaka, rubbing marks were observed on the tail skid and the underbelly of the aircraft was found damaged.


Probable Cause of Tail Strike:
Bottom of fuselage rubbed with runway surface as
- The First officer (PF) initiated flare but the thrust lever was not retarded to idle resulting in Power-On landing causing an aircraft skip of around 2 feet.
- The Captain (PM) who was supervising the landing had not cautioned the PF to retard thrust levers to idle.
- In view of the skip, the Captain took over controls (became PF) and initiated recovery procedure by increasing the thrust which should have been avoided for small skip.
- As the aircraft system sensed the aircraft on ground, the speed brakes got deployed.
- The Captain (PF) raised the nose further to smoothen the second touchdown, which resulted in insufficient fuselage clearance thereby causing the rubbing of fuselage with runway surface.
- The First officer (now PM) did not caution PF about the aircraft’s pitch attitude.

Sources:

http://dgca.nic.in/accident/reports/incident/VT-JTD.pdf

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: AAIB India
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 179 days (6 months)
Accident number: Final report
Download report: Final report

Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
23-Sep-2017 19:39 harro Added
23-Sep-2017 19:43 harro Updated [Location]

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