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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 55403
Last updated: 5 February 2020
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Date:23-MAR-2003
Time:02:48 LT
Type:Silhouette image of generic TOR model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Panavia Tornado GR Mk 4A
Owner/operator:IX(B) Squadron Royal Air Force (IX(B) Sqn RAF)
Registration: ZG710
C/n / msn: 819/BS177
Fatalities:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Other fatalities:0
Aircraft damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Ali Al Salem Air Base, Kuwait City -   Kuwait
Phase: Approach
Nature:Military
Departure airport:Ali Al Salem AirBase (KEZ/OKAS)
Destination airport:Ali Al Salem AirBase (KES/OKAS)
Narrative:
Tornado ZG710 (call sign "Yahoo 75") was Shot down by "friendly fire"...the aircraft was on approach to land back at its base at Ali Al Salem, northern Kuwait after returning from a successful combat mission to bomb Baghdad, Iraq, as part of "Operation Telic"

A US Army Patriot missile was fired at the Tornado GR.4 from within the base as the aircraft was mistaken for an incoming anti-radiation missile. The aircraft was destroyed and both crew killed.

Crew later named in press reports as Flight Lt Kevin Main andFlight Lt David Williams

The Board of Inquiry concluded that the following were contributory factors: Patriot Anti-Radiation Missile classification criteria; Patriot Anti-Radiation Missile Rules Of Engagement; Patriot firing doctrine and crew training; Autonomous Patriot battery operation; Patriot IFF procedures; ZG710ís IFF serviceability; aircraft routing and airspace control measures, and Orders and Instructions.

Sources:

1. http://edition.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/meast/03/23/sprj.irq.britain.plane/
2. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/2877349.stm
3. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1461868/US-missile-killed-RAF-pilots-in-tragic-chain-of-events.html
4. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/82817/maas03_02_tornado_zg710_22mar03.pdf
5. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200304/cmhansrd/vo040514/wmstext/40514m01.htm
6. http://web.archive.org/web/20161217162447/http://www.ejection-history.org.uk:80/aircraft_by_type/tornado.htm
7. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2004/05/20/patriot_missile/02:48


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
14-Jun-2011 12:11 Dr. John Smith Updated [Operator, Total fatalities, Total occupants, Other fatalities, Location, Country, Phase, Source, Narrative]
16-Feb-2012 03:02 Nepa Updated [Aircraft type, Operator, Source, Narrative]
20-Mar-2013 23:19 Anon. Updated [Operator, Narrative]
12-Aug-2014 19:15 Aerossurance Updated [Aircraft type, Operator, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Narrative]
09-Nov-2014 08:37 Heil Updated [Operator]
09-Oct-2015 05:45 Dr. John Smith Updated [Time, Location, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Embed code, Narrative]

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